Annual Percentage Rate (APR): What it is and how it works

What is APR?

Annual percentage rate (APR) is the official rate used to help you understand the cost of borrowing. It takes into account the interest rate and additional charges of a credit offer. All lenders have to tell you what their APR is before you sign a credit agreement.

How does APR work?

APR is used for comparing credit cards and unsecured loans, and is expressed as a percentage of the amount you’ve borrowed. For example, a personal loan with a 15% APR should be cheaper than one with a 17.5% APR, although you should always check the terms and conditions.

It’s worth noting that APR only includes compulsory charges. Some fees, such as payment protection, may not be taken into account, so you should always read the terms and conditions carefully before applying for credit.

APR also doesn’t cover any fines for being late with payments or going over your credit limit.

Can APR help me calculate how much I’ll pay?

Calculating how much you’ll pay in pounds per year can get a little complicated, especially when it comes to credit cards. This is because credit cards have flexible repayments (i.e. you can pay back more one month than another, provided you pay at least the minimum amount), and your provider will usually calculate interest on a monthly or daily basis. So, the amount of interest you pay annually depends on how your balance fluctuates over the year.

For example, if you repay your credit card balance in full and on time every month, you won’t pay any interest at all – no matter what your APR is.

So, APR can be a good way to compare credit cards, but remember that what you actually pay in interest depends on how and when you pay your debt off.

What are the differences between representative and personal APR?

Representative APR

The representative APR is an advertised rate that at least 51% of those accepted for the credit deal will get. That means that almost half the people who are approved for the deal may not be eligible for the advertised rate, and have to pay more.

Personal APR

A personal APR is the rate you’re actually given - this could be the same as the representative rate, or it could be higher, depending on your eligibility. The lender will usually decide what rate to offer you based on how your credit and financial information matches their criteria.

What is a good APR?

As a general rule, with a loan, the more you borrow, the lower the APR is likely to be. With credit cards, rates often vary from around 5% to over 30% - the rate you’re offered usually depends on how high your credit score is. It’s worth noting that these rates are usually based on rates for making purchases (e.g. online or instore). Rates for other transactions, such as cash withdrawals, may be different.

Finally, 0% purchase and balance transfer credit cards often have a 0% APR for a promotional period, which typically lasts for anything between three to 40 months. It’s important to stick to the terms and make all payments on time and in full, or you may lose the promotional rate early. Also, it’s best to try and pay off the card before this period ends, or you’ll usually be moved on to a standard variable rate.

A good credit score can help you get the rate you’re looking for – you can get a good idea of your chances of getting the best deals by checking your free Experian Credit Score. You can also see your eligibility for specific credit cards and personal loans when you compare them with Experian. Just remember, we’re a credit broker, not a lender†.

What is APRC?

APRC stands for annual percentage rate of charge. It’s the same as an APR but it's the term used when comparing mortgages and secured loans.

When you apply for a mortgage, you usually either get approved for it or you don’t – unlike credit cards and unsecured loans, you’re unlikely to be offered a different APRC on the same deal according to your credit score.

A mortgage APRC indicates the overall cost of borrowing across the whole term of the mortgage, provided the interest rate doesn’t change. But more often than not, the rate will change – either because you have a variable or tracker rate, or because you decide to remortgage.

If you’re searching for good mortgage deal, it can often help to compare mortgages or use a mortgage broker. You can also see where you stand with lenders by checking your free Experian Credit Score.